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Types of mortgage loan you should know in detail

There are five types of mortgage loans that tied up your real estate to offer you various mortgage loans. Follow me; you will know the details.

Living in a new home is a matter of exiting. Only the matter is, figuring out the cost of the home is overwhelming. It would be best if you did some research, withhold the home cost and the down payment, and getting your credit score to get an overall idea of how a home loan can work best for you.

So, what is the mortgage plan? Why do you need to purchase it?

You can define mortgage as a Debt instrument or Liens Against Property, collateral of the real estate but needs to pay back by the borrower within definite installments set. In short, it’s a loan that particularly tied up your estate (home, land) to get the loan.

Conventional Mortgage:


Conforming and non-conforming are two types of a conventional mortgage. The Federal Government never insures this home loan.

The types of mortgage loans that follow the Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac (Government Sponsored Enterprise, GSEs) to fix the loan amount’s maximum limit are conforming loan.

The mortgage loan which does not follow such guideline is termed as non-conforming loan. Interestingly, JUMBOO LOAN is also another sort of NON-CONFORMING LOAN.

Types of Mortgage Plan:

The mortgage plan has five different types. These are-

Conventional Mortgage

Jumbo Mortgage

Government-insured Mortgage

Fixed-rate Mortgage

Adjustable-rate Mortgage

Pros of Conventional Mortgage:

Eligible for Primary home/Second home/Investment property.

Lower borrowing cost than any mortgage loan (Despite higher interest rate).

After twenty percent of equity, PMI can cancel.

Only 3% down for the loan.

If you have a higher credit score with a good income, it is perfect for you.

Cons of Conventional Mortgage:

  • Debt-to-Income ratio 45 to 50 percent.
  • If you pay less than a 20 percent down payment, PMI is mandatory for you.
  • Documentation about your Income, Assets, Down payment, Employment details is mandatory.
  • FICO score needs more than 620.

JUMBOO Mortgage:

Already we have said, JUMBOO mortgage is also another type of non-conforming mortgage loan. Therefore, your loan limit never will define by the Federal Loan Limit. If you are living in a higher-cost area, you can go with this home loan type. You need to submit more in-depth info about you and your asset to make you qualify for this loan.

Pros of JUMBOO:

Offer more money. So perfect for a high price area.

Comparing with other conventional loans, interest rates are very competitive.

People with a good credit score, good income, and a good down payment can take this mortgage perfectly for them.

Cons of JUMBOO:

  • 10 to 20 percent down payment (at least).
  • FICO score is 700 (660 for few lenders).
  • The debt-to-income ratio should stay under 45 percent.
  • Ten percent asset of your loan amount (cash, savings, or other assets).

Government-Insured Mortgage:

Don’t think the American government is a mortgage lender. What the government does is, help the American to be a homeowner. Three government agencies are working for this; the Federal Housing Administration (FHA Loan), The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA Loans), The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA Loans).

Pros of Government-Insured Loan:

If you are disqualified for a conventional home loan, they help you to get the loan.

Credit score requirement relatively relaxing here

A larger down payment is not mandatory here.

They welcome both the REPEAT or the NEWBIE buyers.

The person with Low Cash Savings, Less-Than-Stellar Credit, disqualified for the conventional loan-all can effectively go with this mortgage type.

Best Terms and flexible payment.

Cons of Government-Insured Loan:

  • Higher borrowing cost.
  • Needed more documentation (to prove your eligibility).
  • Mandatory Mortgage Premiums (cannot be canceled for all loans).

Fixed-Rate Mortgage:

If you want to carry a fixed-rate mortgage your home loan life, this mortgage is for you. Your monthly mortgage payment remains the same all time. And it has fixed terms of 15years/20years/30 years.

Pros of Fixed-Rate Mortgage:

  • Both the monthly payment and the interest are staying the same for the whole life of the loan
  • So, the borrower can easily concentrate on other financial issues.
  • Stability with per month payment when you plan to stay in your home for longer.

Cons of Fixed-Rate Mortgage:

  • Higher interest rate.
  • Tough to qualify for the loan.

Adjustable-Rate Mortgage:

Adjustable-rate Mortgage (ARM) never offer you a fixed interest rate or monthly payment like fixed-rate mortgages. The interest rate of this type of mortgage often fluctuates ups and downs according to the market conditions. However, though the adjustable-rate mortgage fluctuates on its interest rate, many of its products already run with a fixed rate until the rate change after a certain term.

Pros of Adjustable-Rate Mortgage:

  • Lower fixed-rate (few first years of payments).
  • The borrower can save money (on interest payments).
  • When you are don’t intend to live in your home for the first few years, the ARM will save you on your Interest Payment.

Cons of the Adjustable-Rate Mortgage:

  • Higher monthly payment.
  • Home value can decrease at any time and make you unable to refinance or sell the home before you are re-setting the loan details.

How to get the best possible Mortgage Rate?

Three pillars determine how you get the mortgage for your home. Credit score, Income detail, and Your Asset are those three pillars I just talked about a few seconds ago. So here I am writing about some steps by which you can get the best mortgage rate.

  1. First of all, check your credit score. If you found your credit score is low, try to improve it. You can report to the concern if your credit score mistakenly got a false report.
  2. Get a detailed record of your employment details. When you can make an employment record of a minimum of two years, any lender will prioritize selling the product.
  3. Arrange a huge down payment. Try to save a minimum of 20 percent of liquid cash so that you can fund a substantial down payment. The more down payment you will fund, the more your lender will ask for a lower mortgage rate.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

FAQ One: Which one is better among mortgage loan or home loan?

Answer: Why do you need the loan? For your home or personal property? In that case, you can go with the home loan. A home loan is limited only to your land or home. But a mortgage loan has no restriction of such.

FAQ-Two: Does the mortgage and the loan are the same term?

Answer: Mortgage loans are secured with your real estate like your home, land, or personal property. But a loan doesn’t ask for such demands. It only contacts between you and your lender. 

Final verdict:

Understanding mortgage loan types make it clear to get the loan based on your situation, demand, and eligibility. Moreover, as we have included here how to increase the chance to get the best mortgage plan, you can easily get the most expected mortgage plan for you.

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